Occupational therapy (OT) is the use of assessment and treatment to develop, recover, or maintain the daily living and work skills of people with a physical, mental, or cognitive disorder. Occupational therapists also focus on identifying and eliminating environmental barriers to independence and participation in daily activities. Occupational therapy interventions focus on adapting the environment, modifying the task, teaching the skill, and educating the client/family in order to increase participation in and performance of daily activities. Occupational therapists often work closely with professionals in physical therapy, speech therapy, nursing, social work, and the community.

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The idea behind SI therapy is that specific movement activities, resistive body work, and even brushing of the skin can help a child with sensory problems experience an optimal level of arousal and regulation. This, can help the with sensory processing disorder to appropriately integrate and respond to sensory input, allowing them to both make sense of and feel safer in the world.

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Counselling is the process of assisting and guiding clients, especially by a trained person on a professional basis, to resolve especially personal, social, or psychological problems and difficulties. It is a helping approach that highlights the emotional and intellectual experience of a client, how a client is feeling and what they think about the problem they have sought help for.

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Speech and language therapy provides treatment, support and care for children and adults who have difficulties with communication, or with eating, drinking and swallowing. They work closely with parents, carers and other professionals, such as teachers, nurses, occupational therapists and doctors.

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Physiotherapists assess, diagnose, treat and prevent a wide range of health conditions and movement disorders. Physiotherapy helps repair damage, reduce stiffness and pain, increase mobility and improve quality of life. Physiotherapy extends from health promotion to injury prevention, acute care, rehabilitation, maintenance of functional mobility, chronic disease management, patient and carer education and occupational health.

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A psychiatrist specializes in mental health, with focus on the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of mental, emotional and behavioural disorders. Psychiatrists are qualified to assess both the mental and physical aspects of psychological problems. Psychiatrists use a variety of treatments – including various forms of psychotherapy, medications, psychosocial interventions and other treatments (such as electroconvulsive therapy or ECT), depending on the needs of each patient.

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Clinical psychologist focuses on diagnosing and treating mental, emotional, and behavioural disorders. Some of the more common disorders that might be treated include substance abuse, depression, anxiety, and eating disorders.

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Vocational training emphasizes on providing skills and knowledge required for a particular job (such as typing or data entry) or a trade (such as carpentry or welding). Vocational training is education only in the type of trade a person wants to pursue, forgoing traditional academics.

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A resource room is a separate, remedial classroom in a school where students with educational disabilities, such as specific learning disabilities, are given direct, specialized instruction and academic remediation and assistance with homework and related assignments as individuals or in groups.

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Special education is the practice of educating students with special educational needs in a way that addresses their individual differences and needs. Ideally, this process involves the individually planned and systematically monitored arrangement of teaching procedures, adapted equipment and materials, and accessible settings. These interventions are designed to help learners with special needs achieve a higher level of personal self-sufficiency and success in school and their community, than may be available if the student were only given access to a typical classroom education.

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A special educator is someone who works with children who have a variety of disabilities. Children with special needs require unique instruction by specially trained professionals to help them achieve their highest potential and strive to progress beyond their limitations. Special Education programs and services adapt content, teaching methodology and instruction to meet the appropriate needs of each child.

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In education, the term assessment refers to the wide variety of methods or tools that educators use to evaluate, measure, and document the academic readiness, learning progress, skill acquisition, or educational needs of students. Educators use a diverse array of assessment tools and methods to measure various skills. Assessments are typically designed to measure specific elements of learning—e.g., the level of knowledge a student already has about the concept or skill the teacher is planning to teach or the ability to comprehend and analyse different types of texts and readings. Assessments also are used to identify individual student weaknesses and strengths so that educators can provide specialized academic support, educational programming, or social services.

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Career counselling, also known as career guidance, is counselling designed to help with choosing, changing, or leaving a career. It is a process that will help you to know and understand yourself and the world of work in order to make career, educational, and life decisions.

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